William F. Buckley
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“”The central question that emerges—and it is not a parliamentary question or a question that is answered by merely consulting a catalog of the rights of American citizens, born Equal—is whether the White community in the South is entitled to take such measures as are necessary to prevail, politically and culturally, in areas in which it does not predominate numerically? The sobering answer is Yes—the White community is so entitled because, for the time being, it is the advanced race.
William F. Buckley Jr. (1925–2008) was an American political commentator from the mid-twentieth century who was highly prone to sesquipedalianism. A prominent conservative in a time when that seemed almost oxymoronic, Buckley is sometimes seen as an ancestor of the modern American right-wing, although in many ways he differs radically from the modern right. Most especially, his was an intellectual conservatism; he matriculated at Yale and became well known for his erudition and powerful argumentative skills.
Buckley's prominent works included God and Man at Yale, a critique of secularism in academia; Firing Line, a political debate TV show in which he displayed both the aforementioned erudition and a willingness to actually listen to his opponents; and most importantly, the conservative paper National Review. (You can see how well the National Review has turned out without him.)
Buckley ran for Mayor of New York City in 1965 as the candidate of the Conservative Party, against liberal Republican John Lindsay (who won) and Democrat Abe Beame. Buckley came a distant third, scoring 13.4% of the vote. Buckley's brother, James Buckley, fared better in politics, serving as New York Senator from 1971-1977.
- Chased some anti-Semites out of the New Right, along with other fringe lunatics such as the John Birch Society and Ayn Rand. Objectivists still hate him for that. The New Right is still filled with bigots and overall dumbassery, however.
- Helped ensure that segregationists, such as populist George Wallace, were marginalized.
- Tried to merge Tory-style high culture with the GOP's low culture. Buckley may have hated Vidal, Chomsky, et al., but the vocabulary and tenor of these guys just blows you away. There is no modern Buckley and Vidal. The war on intellectualism worked well.
- His son, Christopher Buckley, is a fairly pleasant, self-aware, and arguably sane conservative.[note 1]
- Criticized Donald Trump before it was cool.
- Wrote a bunch of mediocre spy novels.
- Buckley’s career began in 1951 with the publication of God and Man at Yale, an attack on his alma mater that urged the firing of professors whom he felt were insufficiently hostile to socialism and atheism. Despite this early assault on academic freedom, Buckley in later years routinely took offense at what he saw as liberal "political correctness".
- During the Cold War, Buckley advocated preemptive strikes against disfavored nations. In 1965, four years after the Bay of Pigs fiasco, he continued to call for an invasion of Cuba. The same year, he called for a nuclear attack on China's nuclear production facilities. In a syndicated column, he urged a nuclear attack on North Vietnam. Paradoxically, he was an outspoken critic of Dubya and neoconservatism in general after the Iraq War.
- Wanted to outlaw tobacco use in America, though oddly he himself was a smoker.
- Suggested that prostitutes and addicts with AIDS be tattooed so as to warn others.
- He championed the release of convicted murderer Edgar H. Smith, establishing a defense fund with top-notch lawyers. After Smith's eventual release, Smith was convicted of the brutal assault and stabbing of another woman, and he finally confessed to the first murder.
- Republican drug policy is a legacy of the 1960s, when marijuana was associated with hippies and the unrest that came with them. When Richard Nixon ran for President saying he spoke for the "Silent Majority" and Ronald Reagan ran for governor saying he would "clean up the mess in Berkeley", both of those platforms involved hard-line stances against drug users. William Buckley Jr. (himself a pill-popper who admitted to smoking pot on his yacht in international waters[note 2]) was the ideological driving force behind those policies. He believed that with the new research on addiction being an illness meant that drug users were carriers and would introduce drugs to others. By incarcerating them, the idea was that drug use would be contained within a generation. By 1988 he admitted that he was wrong and that the policy was a failure and harmful. Too bad, by then interests were vested in the continuation.
- Helped inadvertently radicalize the Republican Party, probably more than anyone else. Along with throwing out the loonies, he then started to purify the GOP of those who he thought weren't true conservatives. This meant the fairly respectable Rockefeller/Eisenhower/Lincoln Republicans who had formerly dominated the party. He mainly did this by throwing his support behind Barry Goldwater and on at least one occasion he went so far as to endorse a certain Democrat for senator just so a liberal Republican would lose. He admitted his Mayoral campaign was mainly designed to sabotage John Lindsay, whom he considered too liberal a Republican.
- Brought laissez-faire to the New Right, which was at odds with the more traditional stance of not touching regulation one way or the other so long as it wasn't needlessly damaging to the economy. This would encourage the GOP to deregulate nearly everything they could get their hands on, and this is what we got.
- Spoke very favorably of fascist dictators such as Francisco Franco and Augusto Pinochet because they opposed communism and despite the fact that the left-wing governments their coup d'etats toppled were Democracy|democratically elected]]. He even praised Franco after Franco's death.
- Supported Joseph McCarthy and McCarthyism, which he never seemed to regret. Freedom if it's only your freedom, right?
- Prior to renouncing his racist views in the mid-1960s, he used the National Review to support segregation. He even wrote an article in support of white supremacy, and he never really apologized for the article.
- Set the "groundwork" that would get Saint Ronnie elected president.
- In a debate with Carl Sagan he argued strongly in support of stockpiling nuclear weapons as a means to keep the USSR in check, even though both sides already had enough nukes to destroy each other multiple times over.[note 3]
- Brought Dinesh D'Souza to prominence (and I think he might have wanted to undo if he had the chance).
- "I'll sock you in the goddamn face!"
- Transcript: James Baldwin debates William F. Buckley (1965) — noteworthy because of Baldwin's forcefully eloquent introductory statement, and for Buckley resoundingly losing the debate
- Though wingnuts have hated him ever since he endorsed Obama in 2008.
- According to Christopher B., he was a pretty ardent user. In his book "Losing Mum and Pup," the younger Buckley writes that his father developed a habit of downing sleeping pills, booze and Ritalin in an attempt to moderate his alertness and his sleep. "Pup's self-medicating was, I'd venture, a chemical extension of the control he asserted over every other aspect of his life," Christopher wrote.
- It should be pointed out that not all nuclear weapons will find their targets; some will be shot down, malfunction, or otherwise miss their marks. Furthermore, some high-value assets, such as the Three Gorges Dam in China, are built to withstand nuclear attacks.
- Why the South Must Prevail National Review editorial, 1957
- "Sean Hannity Is No William F. Buckley" by Bret Stephens (6 July 2017) The New York Times.
- Culture Wars: An Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints, and Voices by Roger Chapman (2009) Routledge. ISBN 0765617617.
- Goddess of the Market: Ayn Rand and the American Right by Jennifer Burns (2009) Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195324870.
- "Bill Buckley's Lesson for Today's Conservatives" by Neal B. Freeman (Updated Feb. 27, 2016 8:11 a.m. ET) Wall Street Journal.
- Sorry, Dad, I'm Voting for Obama: The son of William F. Buckley has decided—shock!—to vote for a Democrat. by Christopher Buckley (Updated Jul. 14, 2017 6:01PM ET; Published Oct. 10, 2008 3:33AM ET) Daily Beast.
- Donald Trump Is Ridiculously Wrong About William F. Buckley: The billionaire thinks the conservative icon would object to National Review's "Against Trump" issue. But Buckley decried Trump as a demagogue. by John Nichols (January 22, 2016) The Nation.
- TV Reviews: Liberal Arts Education Is Focus of the 'Firing Line' by Robert Kohler (July 10, 1993, 12 AM) Los Angeles Times.
- "A Distasteful Encounter with William F. Buckley Jr." by Gore Vidal September 1969) Esquire.
- Buckley: Bush Not A True Conservative (July 22, 2006, 8:27 PM) CBS Evening News. Oh boy, did Buckley have quite the weakness for No true Scotsman
- My Smoking Confessional by William F. Buckley Jr. (December 3, 2007) '"New York Sun.
- "Crucial Steps in Combating the Aids Epidemic; Identify All the Carriers" by William F. Buckley (March 18, 1986) The New York Times.
- Edgar H. Smith, death row inmate whose release was championed by William F. Buckley Jr., dies at 83 by Paul W. Valentine (September 23 at 9:00 PM) The Washington Post.
- William F. Buckley, Rest in Praise: Glowing obits obscure an ugly record by Steve Rendall (June 1, 2008) FAIR.
- The War on Drugs is Lost by NRO Staff (July 28, 2014 3:07 PM) National Review.
- The End of Republican 'Fusionism'? by Rovert Tracinski (March 01, 2008) Real Clear Politics.
- William F. Buckley, Jr.: Patron Saint of the Conservatives by John B. Judis (2001) Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0743217977.
- Did He Kiss Joe? by William F. Buckley Jr. (July 5, 2006 4:25 PM) National Review.
- [http://www.city-journal.org/html/william-f-buckley%E2%80%99s-unmaking-mayor-10367.html William F. Buckley's Unmaking of a Mayor…and the making of a national coalition by Fred Siegel (March 3, 2008) City Journal.
- "Yes, and Many Thanks, But Now the War Is Over" by William F. Buckley (October 26, 1957) National Review "General Franco is an authentic national hero."
- National Review's Bad Conscience: Why the magazine is quick to accuse liberals of fascism and Nazism by Jeet Heer (July 29, 2015) The New Republic.
- National Review, 11/23/1998
- McCarthy and His Enemies: The Record and Its Meaning by William F. Buckley Jr. (1954) Regnery Publishing. ISBN 0895264722. Page 132.
- The Way We Live Now, 7/11/04: Questions for William F. Buckley; Conservatively Speaking by Deborah Solomon (July 11, 2004) The New York Times.
- The Famous Baldwin-Buckley Debate Still Matters Today: In 1965, two American titans faced off on the subject of the country’s racial divides. Nearly 55 years later, the event has lost none of its relevance, as a recent book attests. by Gabrielle Bellot (December 2, 2019) The Atlantic.