User:BobRoss

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User:BobRoss

SCP Project[edit]

Palatalization (Mari sound changes)[edit]

  • *kĭćke- "to harness" < *ki/ütkə- (Ms. *kät- ~ H. köt!)
  • *šü̆ć "rust" < #sïta
  • *wĭć "5" < *wĭt < #wittə
  • *tić "full" < (??) *tejət < *täwd₁ətä

but not in:

  • *jü̆t "night" < *jEtɜ
  • *kit "hand" < *kätə
  • *wü̆t "water" < *wetə
  • *tütka- "to spread" < *tütkə-

Denasalization[edit]

Apparently *mp, *nč > *p, *č (despite *nt, *ŋk > *nd, *ŋg):

  • *mp > *p/*w:
    • *lop "depression" < *lëmpɜ
    • *liwə "warm" < *lämpə
    • *kowə "wave" < *kompa
    • *tup "back" ~ U tɨbɨr
  • *mt > *md:
    • *komdəš "lid" < *kamtə
    • *kŭmda "wide" < *kumtə
  • *nt > *ð (< Permic?):
    • *oðar "shoot" ← II *andʰas
    • *lŭðə "goose" < #lunta
    • *šeðäŋ "wheat" < #šäŋtɜ
  • *nt > *nd:
    • *kande- "to carry" < *kanə-ta-
    • *kində "grain" ~ P *kɨd
    • *pandə "stick" < *pontə
    • *pŭndaš "bottom" ~ P *pɨdes
    • *šandə "dung" ~ F *sonta
    • *šĭnde- "to stretch" ~ S *sɤntē-
  • *nč > *č:
    • *kĭčala- "to search" < *kenčä-
    • *kučə "worm" ~ OU *kuunč
    • *kü̆č "nail" < *künčə
    • *pač "tail" < *pončə
    • *pača- "to open" < *panča-
    • *wač "root" < *wanča
  • *nś > *ž:
    • *ažnə "early" ~ P *wåådź
    • *kiže- "to become cold" ~ P *ke/ɤdźɨt
    • *kŭž "urine" < *kunśə
    • *nö/üštəla- "to knead" ~ U. /nadź-/
    • *užaš "part" < *onśa
    • *wažəla- "to be ashamed" ~ U. /vodźɨt/ (& Mo. *viź-ďə-?)
  • *ŋt > *nd:
    • undə "sting" < *oŋtə
  • *ŋk > *ŋg:
    • *oŋgə "hook" < *oŋkə
    • *moŋgər "body" < *moŋkɜ
    • *poŋgə "mushroom" < *pëŋka
    • *šeŋgə "dry wood" ~ F. säŋki?
    • *šeŋgel "behind" < *śäŋkɜ
    • *šoŋgə "old" < *šoŋka
    • *šü̆ŋgä "hill" < *ćüŋkä

Further Palatalization[edit]

  • i-ü > *ü-ü in F.
Standard PU *ë: Ma. ö/ü, P. *uu, Ms. *ɤɤ, Kh. *aa, Smy. *ɤ (std. PU *ëCC, *ëCi) > F. *a, S. *ō, Mo. *a as well; by default Ma. *ü
Lexeme Finnic Samic Mordv. Mari Permic Hung. Mansi Khanty Samoy. Comments
*i_ə = std. PU *i_i (F *i_i, S *ɤ_ɤ, Mo *e, P *i, Ms *ä, Kh *ee, Smy *i) old cases mostly *CVCV(CV)?
"stone" *kivi - kev *küj U. ~ K. ki köö
: köve-
*käw *kööɣ -