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It doesn't stop
at the water's edge

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It is remarkable how fast and how effectively you can construct a nationality with a flag, a few speeches, and a national anthem.
—Nicholas Nassim Taleb, The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable

A nation (often interchanged with country) is a group of people who share certain characteristics in common, most commonly language, religion, ethnicity, and history. As a sociological and political term, it is a fluid concept — what Benedict Anderson has termed an "imagined community."[1] It has been common in history for different nations to fuse together[2] or for a single nation to break apart.[3] Sometimes, a single person may feel they belong to more than one "nationality", depending on circumstances.[4]

Most of the states of Western Europe were built along national lines - Denmark, Malta and Iceland, for example; but compare Austria, Ulster, Switzerland, Catalonia, San Marino, Belgium, Luxembourg, Cyprus, Alsace-Lorraine, the Vatican City and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. However, nation-building also came about due to European monarchs fostering a sense of nationhood amongst their peoples, through nationalism, the adoption of the "vulgar" languages, and concentrated myth-making.[5] Since the end of World War I, nationality as the primary pre-requisite for statehood has declined. Today, most states are rather multi-national[6] though there was a brief resurgence of "ethnic group gets a country" in the 1990's with the break up of the communist system in Eurasia.

The population of the nation of Canada includes over 600 recognized First NationsWikipedia's W.svg.

See also[edit]


  1. Other scholars like Anthony D. Smith have similarly emphasized how persistent and fluid the notion of nation was even before the modern conception of the nation-state.
  2. For example, as the different Jurchen and other tribes in Northeast China became the Manchu, or how the Cornish, etc., all became English.
  3. A modern example of this seems to be the Chinese and the Taiwanese, and possibly the North and South Koreans.
  4. This sums up the feelings of many Yugoslavs at the beginning of the 1990s.
  5. Examples of such myth-making include King Arthur, Charlemagne, the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, and El Cid.
  6. Either because they have national minorities or were never nation-states to begin with.
Nations of the world
AfricaAlgeria - Democratic Republic of the Congo - Egypt - Eritrea - eSwatini - Ethiopia - Guinea - Kenya - Liberia - Libya - Mali - Nigeria - Somalia - South Africa - Sudan - Togo - Uganda - Western Sahara - Zimbabwe

AsiaAfghanistan - Armenia - Azerbaijan - Bahrain - Bangladesh - Brunei - Burma - Cambodia - China - Georgia (country) - India - Indonesia - Iran - Iraq - Israel - Japan - Jordan - Kazakhstan - Kuwait - Kyrgyzstan - Laos - Lebanon - Malaysia - Maldives - Mongolia - Nepal - North Korea - Pakistan - Qatar - Saudi Arabia - Singapore - South Korea - Syria - Taiwan - Tajikistan - Thailand - Turkmenistan - Uzbekistan - Vietnam - Yemen
EuropeAustria - Belarus - Belgium - Bosnia and Herzegovina - Bulgaria - Croatia - Cyprus - Czech Republic - Denmark - England - Estonia - Finland - France - Germany - Greece - Hungary - Iceland - Ireland -Isle of Man - Italy - Kosovo - Latvia - Lithuania - Moldova - Netherlands - North Macedonia - Northern Ireland - Norway - Poland - Portugal - Romania - Russia - Scotland - Serbia - Slovenia - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - Turkey - Ukraine - United Kingdom - Vatican City - Wales
North AmericaCanada - Costa Rica - Cuba - Grenada - Haiti - Jamaica - Mexico - Nicaragua - Panama - United States
OceaniaAustralia - Nauru - New Zealand - Papua New Guinea - Pitcairn Islands
South AmericaArgentina - Bolivia - Brazil - Chile - Colombia - Ecuador - Falkland Islands - Paraguay - Uruguay - Venezuela
Historical and disputedAncient Egypt - Belgian Congo - British Empire - Catalonia - Czechoslovakia - East Germany - French colonial empire - German Empire - Greenland - Imperial China - Kurdistan - Nazi Germany - Palestine - Roman Empire - Soviet Union - Tibet - Vichy France - Yugoslavia